(K)ubuntu Linux 15.10 for web dev
Who needs Mac or Windows for web development?
Are you a web developer? Are you interested in running Ubuntu or Kubuntu as your development OS? Then you may want to check out the Kubuntu 15.10 Preferred Software and Hardware which provides lots of information that can be used to get (K)ubuntu Linux running sooner, faster, and better.
Updated 2015-12-29 from Kubuntu 15.04 to 15.10.
The benefits of using Linux
Web developers almost always deploy to Linux systems. But Linux isn’t just for servers. Using Linux as our development OS can provide multiple benefits:
- Deployment is smoother because the mismatches between development and deployment environments is greatly reduced.
- We discover and use Linux tools in our daily workflow that we would otherwise not consider. This increases productivity.
- The nightmare of having development systems that spans multiple OSes goes away. Ever see a system that require OSX, Windows, and CentOS to complete a single build? Trust me, they’re out there.
- Client set-up is often much faster. Developer set-up for some systems and OSes can take multiple days due to all the manual steps required. Comparable Linux set-ups can take less than an hour because configuration is easily automated.
- Most work setting up a Linux development environment is directly applicable for deployment.
Unfortunately Linux use also comes with some pain points, which we will explore next.
… And the downsides
Many web developers have good reasons to prefer to use Macs or Windows as their development platform despite all the benefits of using Linux. Here are some of the most common:
- Moving platforms can be a lot of work.
- They are invested in the Mac or Windows interface.
- They’ve seen problems running Linux on certain hardware.
- Their OS supports tools and enterprise software that they are uncertain are supported by (K)ubuntu.
Yet for those who can overcome these issues, (K)ubuntu Linux can a great developer platform. Let’s address these issues one-by-one.
Reduce the work
The Kubuntu 15.10 Preferred Software and Hardware details lots of information. While this resource won’t configure a (K)ubuntu system for us, it certainly can get it running sooner, faster,and better.
Get compatible hardware
The best (K)ubuntu systems, just like the best Mac or Windows systems, are those built specifically to run the OS. The easiest approach is to get a system pre-configured with Linux. I recommend any System76 system or the Dell XPS 13. Another approach for the system-builder hobbyists in the audience is to build their own systems with Linux compatible hardware.
Another approach to get a (K)ubuntu system is to install it on a computer
already on-hand. Most desktops and many Dell and HP laptops work great with this OS,
but it is always wise to check compatibility simply by searching for
computer_model. If all looks well, then we can proceed to test the OS on
a virtual machine (Virtual Box is recommended) or using a “Live CD”.
We should be certain to test all aspects of the hardware including:
- Speakers and sound
- Video driver
- Keyboard and mouse
- Printer, NAS, Router
- Other peripherals
Currently Nvidia provides the best Linux GPUs, with excellent first-day support, excellent performance, and stable OGL 4.5 drivers. Intel iGPU support is pretty good, and is generally the least trouble for laptops. AMD GPUs tend to be troublesome, and I recommend they be avoided if possible.
While many systems will work completely, some may require a configuration or hardware adjustment. Some systems will be simply too incompatible to justify a (K)ubuntu install. Most MacBooks, for example, are rarely worth the trouble, IMO.
Get the desktop
Changing desktop environments for most people isn’t fun. We can select a Linux desktop that is similar - but not identical - to OSX or Windows. Here are the desktops I recommend:
Windows: Consider Kubuntu 15.10 with the KDE 5 desktop. Remember to use the backports repository!
OSX: Consider Ubuntu 15.10 with either the Unity or Gnome interface.
Get the tools
Getting developer and enterprise tools on Linux has never been easier. Software has evolved to where platform-agnostic tools such as Google for Work or Office 365 have replaced most tools tied to a specific OS. At the same time, many applications available for OSX and Windows now work very well on (K)ubuntu Linux: Chrome, Firefox, JetBrains IDEs, VPNs, GoToMeeting, Skype, Dropbox, Hipchat, Hangouts, Google Drive (Insync), and many more. And many popular tools such as MongoDB and NodeJS are Linux-first, which means they work best on Linux.
Steam works very well with (K)ubuntu 15.10 and an Nvidia GPU. There are now over 1,500 titles available including Shadows of Modor, Counter Strike G.O., Bioshock Infinite, Borderlands 2, and the Metro series. We have a great development workstation and a great home computer the kids can love too.
Some proprietary packages such as Office and PhotoShop remain unavailable for Linux. But do we really need those tools? I find Gimp is an excellent web graphics editor and LibreOffice 5 works just great for spreadsheets and presentations. Gimp can be used to edit PSD files and LibreOffice can edit Office documents with generally good fidelity. The minor inconvenience of occasional importing one of these documents - for me
- is a small price to pay for the numerous productivity benefits I see from using Kubuntu as my “daily driver.” Only you can decide if it’s a good choice for you.
Want to share?
If you decide to give (K)ubuntu a go, you can always use the comments on the spreadsheet or email me at the link below to provide suggestions for future revisions. Any help would be greatly appreciated!